What are the effects of climate change?
Team Veye | 09-Nov-2020
Global climate change is already having observable effects on the environment. The signs of global warming can be seen everywhere. It is more than the just rise in temperatures. Climate change affects the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on the environment.
Since 1906, the global average surface temperature has increased by 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Many people tend to consider it very small to affect any significant change in the climate. But surprisingly, even such a small change in temperature corresponds to enormous changes in the environment.
While there are many direct consequences of climate change like melting glaciers, rising sea levels and increases in precipitation pattern, the indirect consequences could be health risks due to rising temperatures and heatwaves, loss of biodiversity and increase in the spread of pests.
Human activities have increased carbon dioxide emissions, driving up temperatures. Further after more than a century and a half of industrialization, deforestation, and large scale agriculture, quantities of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have risen to record levels not seen in three million years.
The greenhouse effect describes how the Earth's atmosphere traps some of the Sun's energy. Solar energy radiating back to space from the Earth's surface is absorbed by greenhouse gases and re-emitted in all directions. This heats both the lower atmosphere and the surface of the planet.
According to the World Health Organization, “climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year” between 2030 and 2050. As global temperatures rise, so do the number of fatalities and illnesses from heat stress, heatstroke, and cardiovascular and kidney disease.
We can mitigate global climate change and help stem its detrimental impacts, by tackling its root cause: pollution from burning fossil fuels. At the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, nearly every nation on earth committed to actions aimed at shifting away from dirty fossil fuels.
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